Is there a minimum altitude aircraft must fly?

The actual altitude of an aircraft will vary based on several factors such as aircraft type and performance, weather and weight of the aircraft. Federal Aviation Regulations 14. C.F.R. Part 91.119 Minimum Safe Altitudes states that, except when necessary for takeoff or landing, no person may operate an aircraft below the following altitudes:

  1. (a) Anywhere. An altitude allowing, if a power unit fails, an emergency landing without undue hazard to persons or property on the surface.
  2. (b) Over congested areas. Over any congested area of a city, town, or settlement, or over any open air assembly of persons, an altitude of 1,000 feet above the highest obstacle within a horizontal radius of 2,000 feet of the aircraft.
  3. (c) Over other than congested areas. An altitude of 500 feet above the surface, except over open water or sparsely populated areas. In those cases, the aircraft may not be operated closer than 500 feet to any person, vessel, vehicle, or structure.
  4. (d) Helicopters. Helicopters may be operated at less than the minimums prescribed in paragraph (b) or (c) of this section if the operation is conducted without hazard to persons or property on the surface. In addition, each person operating a helicopter shall comply with any routes or altitudes specifically prescribed for helicopters by the Administrator.

For information about reporting low flying aircraft, please visit: Contact FAA for Low Flying Aircraft Safety Concerns.

Updated 8/22/2016